Development of a High-Sensitivity Rapid-Response NOX Sensor

 
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PostPosted: Tue May 27, 2008 11:32 am    Post subject: Development of a High-Sensitivity Rapid-Response NOX Sensor Reply with quote

27 August 2007 AIST

Development of a High-Sensitivity Rapid-Response NOX Sensor

Koichi Hamamoto (Post-Doctoral Research Scientist) of the Functional Assembly Technology Group at the Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute of the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology has developed a high-sensitive NOX sensor with a rapid response.

Conventional NOX sensors do not have sufficient robustness or heat resistance in the harsh environment of engine exhaust gases. To solve this problem, a multi-chamber sensor that uses a solid oxide electrolyte (oxygen-ion conductor) has been developed. This, however, inherently does not give a high-speed response, because it has a rather complicated structure and it measures NOX concentrations by combining multistep electrochemical reactions. This poses a problem in relation to the purification of exhaust gases and reduction of fuel consumption.

The newly developed sensor has extremely high selectivity toward NOX molecules as a result of precise control of the nanostructure of the sensing electrode that detects NOX. This structural improvement to the electrochemical cell gives the speed of response for the direct detection of NOX molecules that is five times as fast as that of a conventional sensor and the detection sensitivity that is doubled.

The control of engine combustion with the aid of the high-performance sensor is expected to reduce NOX emissions, particularly from diesel vehicles, thereby contributing to preserving the atmospheric environment and reducing carbon dioxide emissions.


Source and further information: http://www.aist.go.jp/aist_e/latest_research/2007/20070827/20070827.html




Story posted: 27th August 2007
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