Principles of molecule-selective nanovalves in SWCNTs

 
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Institute of Nanotechnology Forum Index -> Nanomaterial
View previous topic :: View next topic  
Author Message
nanoorg
Site Admin


Joined: 16 Mar 2004
Posts: 1392

PostPosted: Fri Sep 28, 2007 3:44 pm    Post subject: Principles of molecule-selective nanovalves in SWCNTs Reply with quote

The principles of molecule-selective nanovalves in carbon nanotubes

Associate Professor Yutaka Maniwa' (Graduate School of Science and Engineering of Tokyo Metropolitan University) and Hiromichi Kataura, chief of the Self-Assembled Nano-Electronics Group of the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) jointly demonstrated the adsorption of water molecules into a Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT) under different gas ambiences and discovered the "exchange transition" phenomenon involving ambient gas and water molecules.

The "exchange transition"-characterized as an exchange between molecules of water inside the SWCNT and ambient gas molecules -was verified for seven types of ambient gas: argon, krypton, oxygen, nitrogen, methane, ethane, and carbon dioxide. The conditions for occurrence of exchange transition depend on the type of gas. For example, with methane at one atmosphere and -30C or below, water molecules are expelled from the SWCNT and replaced by methane molecules which penetrate into the SWCNT. In contrast, when helium, hydrogen, or neon was used, water molecules remained stable inside the SWCNT at temperatures of -170C or below. Using this phenomenon, the water-filled SWCNT can be used as a molecule-selective nanovalve.

In addition, the sudden change in electrical resistance of the SWCNT film due to the exchange transition can be used to create a new gas sensor that permits the selection of gases without any special chemical treatment, coating, or the like. Tokyo Metropolitan University and AIST plan to put the gas sensor and the molecule-selective nanovalve to practical use and invite the participation of companies possessing related technologies.

The results of the present research were published in the on-line version of the scientific journal Nature Materials on January 21, 2007. Part of it has received support from the Japan Science and Technology Agency/Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST).


Sources: AIST & Nanowerk

http://www.nanowerk.com/news/newsid=1581.php



Story first posted: 8th March 2007.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Display posts from previous:   
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Institute of Nanotechnology Forum Index -> Nanomaterial All times are GMT
Page 1 of 1
 

 
Jump to:  
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group